Please forward this error screen to vps. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Vectors are indexed by integers starting at 1. Factors are similar to vectors but where each 2 types of programming languages is categorical, i.

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A matrix is like a vector but with a specific instruction for the layout such that it looks like a matrix, i. For instance 1:5 gives all the number between 1 and 5. Select the last element wihout an extra package. Factors can be most easily thought of as categorical variables. Nominal factors are categorical names, examples of which could be country names paired with some other information. An array is composed of n dimensions where each dimension is a vector of R objects of the same type.

An array of one dimension of one element may be constructed as follows. A similar array, y, can be created with a single dimension and two values. A three dimensional array – 3 by 3 by 3 – may be created as follows. The following code shows how the third dimension of the 3 by 3 by 3 array can be accessed. The third dimension is a 3 by 3 array.

Specifying two of the three dimensions returns an array on one dimension. Specifying three of three dimension returns an element of the 3 by 3 by 3 array. More complex partitioning of array may be had. Arrays need not be symmetric across all dimensions. The following code creates a pair of 3 by 3 arrays.

Objects of the vectors composing the array must be of the same type, but they need not be numbers. A list is a collection of R objects. The objects in a list do not have to be of the same type or length. In the following example, a dataframe of two vectors is created, each of five elements. The first vector, v1, is composed of a sequence of the integers 1 through 5.