This itn past programmes sheet includes key estimates from the World Malaria Report 2015. The report draws on data from 95 countries and territories with ongoing malaria transmission, and a further 6 countries that have recently eliminated malaria. Other regions have achieved impressive reductions in their malaria burden. For the first time, the European Region reported zero indigenous cases of malaria in 2015.
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Children under five are particularly susceptible to malaria illness, infection and death. In 2015, malaria killed an estimated 306 000 under-fives globally, including 292 000 children in the African Region. In 2015, 33 countries reported fewer than 1000 cases of malaria. In 2014, 16 countries reported zero indigenous cases of the disease: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Costa Rica, Iraq, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Oman, Paraguay, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. In 2015, the global burden of malaria remained heavily concentrated in 15 countries, mainly in Africa. Over the last 15 years, there has been a major increase in coverage of ITNs in sub-Saharan Africa. Africa live in households that are protected by IRS.
WHO recommends diagnostic testing for all people with suspected malaria before treatment is administered. Sales of RDTs reported by manufacturers rose from fewer than 50 million globally in 2008 to 314 million in 2014. Globally, the number of ACT treatment courses procured from manufacturers increased from 11 million in 2005 to 337 million in 2014. Malaria infection during pregnancy carries substantial risks for the mother, her fetus and the newborn child. In 2014, an estimated 15 million of the 28 million pregnant women at risk of malaria did not receive a single dose of IPTp. Progress in adopting and rolling out preventive therapies for children has been even slower.