Not to be confused with Free software movement, a related movement. For open software center windows 10 movements beyond software, see Open-source model.
This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. No cleanup reason has been specified. The open-source software movement is a movement that supports the use of open-source licenses for some or all software, a part of the broader notion of open collaboration. In the beginning, a difference between hardware and software did not exist. The user and programmer of a computer were one and the same. When the first commercial electronic computer was introduced by IBM in 1952, the machine was hard to maintain and expensive.
Putting the price of the machine aside, it was the software that caused the problem when owning one of these computers. The Open Source Movement is branched from the free software movement which began in the late 80s with the launching of the GNU project by Richard Stallman. These movements share fundamental differences in the view on open software. The main, factionalizing difference between the groups is the relationship between open source and proprietary software. Often makers of proprietary software, such as Microsoft, may make efforts to support open source software to remain competitive. In contrast, members of the free software community maintain the vision that all software is a part of freedom of speech and that proprietary software is unethical and unjust.
Did not find what they wanted? Try here
The free software movement openly champions this belief through talks that denounce proprietary software. While cognizant of the fact that both, the free software movement and the open source movement, share similarities in practical recommendations regarding open source, the free software movement fervently continues to distinguish themselves from the open source movement entirely. The Open Source Movement has faced a number of legal challenges. Companies that manage open source products have some difficulty securing their trademarks. For example, the scope of “implied license” conjecture remains unclear and can compromise an enterprise’s ability to patent productions made with open source software.
In the court case “Jacobsen v. Katzer”, the plaintiff sued the defendant for failing to put the required attribution notices in his modified version of the software, thereby violating license. The defendant claimed Artistic License in not adhering to the conditions of the software’s use, but the wording of the attribution notice decided that this was not the case. In a court case accusing Microsoft of being a monopoly, Linux and open source software was introduced in court to prove that Microsoft had valid competitors and was grouped in with Apple. There are resources available for those involved open source projects in need of legal advice.
The Software Freedom Law Center features a primer on open source legal issues. International Free and Open Source Software Law Review offers peer-reviewed information for lawyers on free software issues. The OSI was founded by Eric Raymond and Bruce Perens in February 1998 with the purpose of providing general education and advocacy of the open source label through the creation of the Open Source Definition that was based on the Debian Free Software Guidelines. The “open source” label was conceived at a strategy session that was held on February 3, 1998 in Palo Alto, California and on April 8 of the same year, the attendees of Tim O’Reilly’s Free Software Summit voted to promote the use of the term “open source”. Overall, the software developments that have come out of the open source movement have not been unique to the computer science field, but they have been successful in developing alternatives to propriety software. Members of the open source community improve upon code and write programs that can rival much of the propriety software that is already available. The rhetorical discourse used in open source movements is now being broadened to include a larger group of non-expert users as well as advocacy organizations.
Several organized groups such as the Creative Commons and global development agencies have also adopted the open source concepts according to their own aims and for their own purposes. The factors affecting the Open Source Movement’s legal formalization are primarily based on recent political discussion over copyright, appropriation, and intellectual property. The collaborative nature of the open source community creates software that can offer customizability and, as a result, promotes the adoption of its products. The open source community promotes the creation of software that is not proprietary, resulting in lower costs. Individuals who have intrinsic interest in code writing and software creation motivate the development of open source software within the community. This differs from proprietary software, the development of which is often motivated through potential monetary gains. An open source tool puts the system administrator in control of the level of risk assumed in deploying the tool.