Enter the software p.o.w.e.r-x you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Jump to navigation Jump to search This page is about the pronunciation of words in English. For sounds not found in English, see Help:IPA.
It describes the editing community’s established practice on some aspect or aspects of Wikipedia’s norms and customs. It is not one of Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines, as it has not been thoroughly vetted by the community. The following tables list the IPA symbols used for English words and pronunciations. Please note that several of these symbols are used in ways that are specific to Wikipedia and differ from those used by dictionaries. If the IPA symbols are not displayed properly by your browser, see the links below. The template provides tooltips for each symbol in the pronunciation. See the template page for instructions.
The footnotes explain some of these mergers. If there is an IPA symbol you are looking for that you do not see here, see Help:IPA, which is a more complete list. The vowels of kit and bit, distinguished in South Africa. The difference between the vowels of fir, fur and fern, maintained in some Scottish and Irish English but lost elsewhere. The vowels of north and force, distinguished in Scottish English, Irish English and by a minority of American speakers. The vowels of pause and paws, distinguished in Cockney and by some Estuary English speakers.
Did not find what they wanted? Try here
The vowels of bad and lad, distinguished in many parts of Australia. The vowels of manning and Manning, distinguished in some parts of the United States. The difference between the vowels of pain and pane found in some English, Welsh, and Newfoundland dialects. The difference between the vowels of holy and wholly found in Cockney and many Estuary English speakers.
The vowels of spider and spied her, distinguished in many parts of Scotland. The vowels of rider and writer, distinguished in many parts of Canada and some parts of the United States. The vowels of powder and pouter distinguished in many parts of Canada and some parts of the United States. Other words may have different vowels depending on the speaker. For more extensive information on dialect variations, you may wish to see the IPA chart for English dialects.
Note that place names are not generally exempted from being transcribed in this abstracted system, so rules such as the above must be applied in order to recover the local pronunciation. This is best practice for editors. If you feel it is necessary to add a pronunciation respelling using another convention, then please use the conventions of Wikipedia’s pronunciation respelling key. To compare the following IPA symbols with non-IPA American dictionary conventions that may be more familiar, see Pronunciation respelling for English, which lists the pronunciation guides of fourteen English dictionaries published in the United States. Conventions for English, which lists the conventions of eight English dictionaries published in Britain, Australia, and the United States.
If your browser does not display IPA symbols, you probably need to install a font that includes the IPA. This is also not distinguished in this system. Tuesday is pronounced the same as choose. RP and most varieties of General American.