In the early 1930s it was decided to replace the 1908 pattern webbing as it was utility belt pattern that in the next war infantrymen would be part of a motorized and mechanized army rather than fighting in trenchers. Although what was to become pattern 37 was approved by the army it was deferred as the army was looking at a new light machine gun the bren gun.
A new basic pouch was designed To suit. 1937 pattern webbing was then excepted in June 1938. The left hand picture shows the positions of the basic pouches and belt. The left hand picture Showing positions of the bayonet frog and bayonet. The picture in the center shows the positions of the water bottle carrier and water bottle. Which would be worn when using marching order. Its actually a carry over from the 1908 pattern webbing so are the supporting straps shown in the third picture although this way of using the supporting straps as shoulder straps was only used by the Royal Armoured corps and Royal signals personal with those units.
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The two smaller ones are designed to carry the water bottle and mess tins as shown in the third picture. The second picture shows the detachable L straps in more detail. Basic pouch’s which could carry two bren gun magazines or 50 rounds of 303 ammunition in charges and bandoleers or 5. 5in ammunition for the boys anti-tank, 2in mortar bombs, hand and rifle grenades. There are three marks of p37 basic pouch’s. The only difference between the MK.
11 is that the belt hooks are lower down on the MK. 11 so the pouch rides higher up on the belt. Patt 37 utility pouches dated 1940. Utility pouches gave extra carrying capacity to supplement what could be held in the basic pouches they are slightly larger than the basic pouches and could carry three Bren gun magazines or two boys anti tank magazines or three 2 inch mortar bombs plus other items. Cartridge carriers for use by non infantry troop’s. Each carrier has two pockets with flaps and two studs so the flaps can be closed in two positions. Each pocket is divided by a partition into two compartments each holding one clip of 5 rounds so forty rounds altogether.
The second and third picture show the position of the cartridge carriers and how they are attached. Patt 37 Motor transport drivers pouch dated 1944. 111 basic pouch except it has a belt loop on the back instead of the metal belt attachments. The fourth picture is actually of a pattern 44 M.