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The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Cued Speech is a visual system of communication used with and among deaf or hard-of-hearing people. Cued Speech was invented in 1966 by R. Orin Cornett at Gallaudet College, Washington, D. Cued Speech may also help people hearing incomplete or distorted sound—according to the National Cued Speech Association at cuedspeech. Since cued speech is based on making sounds visible to the hearing impaired, cued speech is not limited to use in English speaking nations. 1994 Cornett had adapted cueing to 25 other languages and dialects.
Manually Coded Sign System for a spoken language. A manual cue in cued speech consists of two components: hand shape and hand position relative to the face. Hand shapes distinguish consonants and hand positions distinguish vowel. CV unit – a basic syllable. 64 different dialects that CS has been adapted to. Each language takes on CS by looking through the catalog of the language’s phonemes and distinguishing which phonemes appear similar when pronounced and thus need a hand sign to differentiate them. Cued Speech is based on the hypothesis that if all the sounds in the spoken language looked clearly different from each other on the lips of the speaker, those hearing impaired would learn a language in much the same way as a hearing person, but through vision rather than audition.
Literacy is the ability to read and write proficiently, which allows one to understand and communicate ideas so as to participate in a literate society. Cued speech was designed to help eliminate the difficulties of English language acquisition and literacy development in children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. Cued speech does indeed achieve its goal of distinguishing phonemes received by the learner, but there is some question of whether it is as helpful to expression as it is to reception. An article by Jacqueline Leybaert and Jesús Alegría discusses how children who are introduced to cued speech before the age of one are up to speed with their hearing peers on receptive vocabulary, though expressive vocabulary lags behind.